When the paddy grains ripen the Nom-jama festival is held. The ripe grains of paddy is taken and after parboiling are beaten flat. In Ho dialect it is called Taben, in Hindi it is called Chewda, which is given as offering to Sing-Bonga, the supreme deity of the Hos and also to the spirits of the ancestors on the leaves of SoSo (black nut) and Kusha grass. New rice is also cooked on this day. None take new rice before this day. The dance performed is named after the festival.
The festival that is held next is called Batauli Parab. It is celebrated in the month of August/September and is associated with the proper growth and vitality of the standing crop. This festival is also dedicated to the memory of the legendary hero Lita. The dance is named after the festival, i.e., Batauli Nach.
The nae of the festival is Hero Parab. It is held on the full moon night of the lunar month of Ashadh (June/July). Around this time the paddy fields are re-ploughed to get rid of the weeds. Ritual offerings are made to the divinities, namely, Desauli and Jaera. This festival is celebrated in the memory of Lita, the legendary hero. The legend of the Hos is : Lita is the youngest son of Surmi who was killed by the mythical wild animal called Bandu. Lita prayed the deity named Jaera. Pleased with the sincere prayer the deity gave blessings to Lita so that he can recover the dead body of his father from the claws of the ferocious animal. Lita showing exceptional bravery and determination recovered the body of his father from the wild animal. Therefore, Lita is regarded as an ideal son.
The Ho tribal community living in Orissa, Bihar and West Bengal holds a series of festivals connected with different agricultural operations from sowing to harvesting. Dancing is a must for every festival. Ho is the shorter form of Horo that literally means a human being. The dance that the Hos perform at the time of sowing paddy seeds is called Domrua. The festival is held in April/May. First the spirits of the ancestors are worshipped and a cock is sacrificed. The fields where the seeds will be sown is given turmeric. The Gods of the field are called Nage-era and Bindi-era. When the rituals are over, both men and women perform the Domrua dance.
The game dance of Orissa is known as Puchi. It is also a kind of artistic drill performed by girls, especially by those who are unmarried. This dance helps shape the waistline, legs, and hips. There is no choreography for the dance. A group of girls squat on the ground and begin singing particular kind of songs. To the rhythm of the song the girls stretch out alternatively the right and the left foot while maintaining the squatting position. The girls perform Puchi with a competitive spirit to see which girl can outdo everyone in the group. No musical instrument is used with this dance. Although the girls perform Puchi any day and at any time, customarily it is performed on the full moon night of the lunar month of Ashwin. In Orissa this night is celebrated as Kumar Poornima. All the unmarried boys and girls wear new clothes and worship the rising moon. It is believed that if the moon is worshipped later than the time of rising, the marriage will be delayed. The unmarried boys and girls generally do not sleep at night and enjoy themselves by playing different kinds of traditional games. The girls on this night play Puchi, in batches, almost all throughout the night.
There are many game dances in different parts of this country. In Punjab and Kashmir the girls perform Kikli which is somewhat similar to the Phugadi and Jimma of Maharastra. In fact, there are different kinds of Phugadi dances.