The Tharu tribal community, living mainly in the Nainital-Gorakhpur belt, has three major sub-clans, namely, Rana, Kathariya and Dangaura. The Kathariyas perform a dance that is called Tharu, named after the tiibe name. It begins eight days before the Holi festival and culminates on the day of the of Holi. Unmarried boys and girls participate in the dance with great enthusiasm. According to the custom of the Tharus, the bride does not go to her in-laws just after the marriage. She continues to stay with her patents. Such a girl may participate in the dance provided she has not become a mother as yet. The dancers sing joyously while dancing. Dhol, the barrel shaped drum, provides the percussion music for the dance. During the course of dance, the group is divided into two and often the dance movements of one group differs from that of the other, but both groups dance to the same rhythmic beats.
In Himachal Pradesh a variety of Naati dances are performed. There are about 13 different kinds of Naati. For special occasions three kinds of Naati dances are performed which are known as Dhili, Pheti and Bashari. Both men and women participate in the dance. The Naati dancers wear typical costumes. The female dancers weal Thipu, a square red scarf tied over the head; Kurti, a kind of colorful upper garment usually made of velvet; Pattu, the main upper garment beautifully embroidered; Sutban, a trouser – like garment usually made of colorfully printed cloth; Puhla, shoes made of a kind of fibre. They also wear typical jewellery, such as Gorkhadu, the ear ornament made of gold; Long, a top for the nose; Chandarhaar, a long and heavy necklace made of silver; and Kanganu or Mridri, bangles made of solid silver. The costume for the male dancers consists of Topa Kalagi, a woolen cap with one side rolled up; Balay, big earrings made of solid gold; Chopla, white woolen upper garment; Patka; a scarf, one tied around trie waist and another across the shoulder; Pajamas, white trouser-like garment and Pula, the shoes. The orchestra that accompanies the dance consists of Dhol, the drum with two faces, Nakara, a bowl shaped drum with one face; Shehnai, the wind instrument; Narshingha, an S-shaped trumpet; and Karnal, the straight trumpet.
Another joyous dance called Jabro is prevalent in the Ladakh region of Jammu and Kashmir, especially in the Chang Thang area situated at a very high altitude. The people who live in this area are mostly nomads. Their main source of livelihood is livestock, such as yak, sheep, and goat. Jabro is very popular among these people. It has now become popular in other parts of Ladakh. Both men and women participate in the dance. It begins with a slower tempo which goes on increasing. Jabro is danced for hours, especially in silvery moonlit nights. The musical accompaniment is provided by Damnyan, a stringed instrument much like the Rabab.
Hikat is a folk dance from Kashmir valley. It is performed only by boys when the spring season majestically approaches the valley with all its grandeur. In Hikat a boy and a girl become dancing partners and hold each other with extended hands. All the dancers sing while dancing. Musical accompaniment is provided usually by Rabab, the plucked type of string instrument and Tumbaknadi, the drum typical of Kashmir.
This is a joyous dance performed only by girls in Kashmir valley when the spring season majestically approaches the valley with all its grandeur. The dances the songs that the dancers sing are basically romantic in character. In Rauf the girls stand in two rows facing each other. The dancers of each row interlock themselves by putting the hands at the back side of the flanking two dancers. The stepping and dance movements are simple. On the rhythmic beats they come one step forward and on the next beat go backward. Their torsos are, delicately and lyrically, bent forward and backward in consonance with the stepping.